The official birthstone for April is Diamond. Natural diamonds are a rare and unique ultimate gift for a loved one. Thought to be one of the hardest substances on the globe, natural diamonds date back billions of years, as humans have been obsessed with them since we first laid eyes on them.
Adopted from the Greek word adamas, meaning “invincible,” diamonds come in a wide range of colors such as black, blue, green, pink, red, purple, orange and yellow. The color is dependent upon the type of impurities that are present in the stone. For instance, yellow diamonds have minuscule traces of nitrogen while blue ones contain boron. (American Gem Society)
Crystal clear diamonds are made of carbon, forged under tremendous pressure and heat – about 1,200 degrees centigrade – about one hundred miles below the earth’s surface in the upper mantle. Under these conditions, carbon atoms come together and link to form the structure of the mineral we know as “diamond.” Over time, these carbon atoms can link together to build crystals that eventually become large enough for us to see, and this may happen over a period of one to three billion years. Age-dating indicates that many diamonds are as old as three billion years, but most of them are at least a billion years old.” (PBS.org)
Diamonds are present in about 35 countries. South Africa, Russia and Botswana are the main producers of gem diamond while Australia produces most of the industrial diamond. They are also found in India, Russia, Siberia, Brazil, China, Canada and the United States. (dmia.net)
As told through the Encarta, Sanskrit texts dating back before 400 B.C. found that people associated significant value and wonderment with crystals. There is also significant research dating back to 1330 showing diamond cutting in Venice. The diamond trading business flourished towards the 15th century with the opening of Eastern trade routes.
Ancient theories touting the magical powers of diamonds were prevalent: some thought lightning bolts formed diamonds, while other theories asserted that diamonds were the tears of god.
During the Middle Ages, diamonds were thought to hold healing powers and to cure ailments stemming from the pituitary gland and brain. By heating the crystal and taking it to bed, it was thought to draw out the harmful toxins that were crippling the body.
It was also believed that diamonds could have an effect on an individual’s balance and clarity and could boost their energy when combined with other crystals like amethyst.
MILAMORE is dedicated to producing the highest-quality jewelry pieces we can, without compromising our ethics and values. For this reason, all of our diamonds are conflict-free, and ethically sourced (see our values page for more info)
While most of our pieces do include diamonds, we have a unique selection of pieces designed to highlight our diamonds for anyone born in April, or anyone who just loves diamonds!